Corporate America is helping drive the evolution of
the nation’s energy system toward more renewable energy like wind and solar. Power
Purchase Agreements (PPAs) have enabled eco-conscious
corporations to buy into low-cost energy sources. Companies such as AT&T,
Walmart and Facebook, who see this as both an economic and moral asset, have
become leaders in the pledge to garner their energy from renewable sources. This
commercial and industrial (C&I) purchasing is transforming the energy
economy, and it’s just getting started.
According to Bloomberg New Energy Finance’s 2019 Sustainable Energy in America
Fact Book, the value per unit of energy has increased by 14%
since 2009, which makes renewable energy a great asset for companies. The
renewable research facility’s updated report also states that in the last year,
the U.S. economy expanded at its fastest pace in five years. In 2018, about 3% of all
electricity sales in the U.S. (134 million megawatt hours (MWh)) of wind and
solar-powered electricity were purchased above state-level mandates. This is
important because it suggests that while state policies, like renewable
portfolio standards, have been extremely important in advancing the use of
renewable energy, now, economics are driving the growth. Large
organizations are compelled to invest in renewable energy largely for reasons
related to branding, pressure from investors, peer pressure, and reducing
business risks. Fortunately, economics are
enabling companies to meet their corporate sustainability goals and the demands
of their customers to reduce their carbon footprint without breaking the bank.
As more companies make pledges to reduce their carbon
footprint, more wind and solar projects appear throughout the U.S. According to
contracts with C&I purchasers and hedge agreements made up 48% of offtake
arrangements for projects commissioned in 2018, at a record-setting 4,203 MW. Thirty-seven
corporate buyers signed wind energy contracts last year, including 21
first-time buyers. The trend is continuing in 2019. Although utilities own 75
percent of wind capacity commissioned in the first half of 2019, 62 percent of
PPAs have been contracted to corporate customers with 52 percent of corporate
PPAs coming in the second quarter. In fact, several companies signed wind
contracts for the first time in the second quarter, including Hormel foods,
Smithfield Foods, Crown Holdings, and Ernst & Young.
Twenty-five states now host corporate
renewable energy projects for industries spanning the technology,
telecommunications, consumer staples, financial, materials and industrials
spaces. These companies, including such titans as Amazon and General Motors,
are focused on the cost-competitiveness of wind energy. They are attracted by
the ability to lock-in low electricity prices for 20 – 30 years while promoting
sustainable business practices and environmental stewardship. Some companies
even make business decisions for siting new data center locations and other
facilities based on where wind projects are located.
Currently, at least 5,250 MW of wind projects under
construction or in advanced stages of development are contracted to a C&I
customer. The Midwestern states have the most upside potential, with numerous
carbon reduction policies accelerating coal retirements throughout the region
and ample wind resources to harvest. In fact, the Midcontinent Independent
System Operator (MISO) has 858 MW of wind for C&I customers in development
in 2019, and another 520 MW in the pipeline for 2020.
report by Wood Mackenzie, states that C&I customers
claim 9 percent of the total installed wind power in the United States, and in
2018, C&I buyers represented approximately 20 percent of the wind market. The
report also suggests that up to 85 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy demand
exists within the United States’ largest companies through 2030. Solar has been
of particular interest as an energy source, largely driven by the dramatic 88
percent cost decrease since 2009. The report states that solar has an
anticipated demand peak of 12,547 MW by 2027.
Wind and solar have developed into full-fledged
industries that produce about 8.2%
of the country’s electricity today, and C&I purchasing is helping drive the
resulting economic development and carbon reduction.
The demand for renewable energy from C&I customers
is at an all-time high and will only increase over time. Clean Grid Alliance is
actively facilitating conversations with decision-makers at the state and local
levels, and at MISO, about the strong desire to transform our energy sector
with cleaner, renewable energy sources. Transmission constraints in MISO, and in
the Upper Midwest in particular, will continue to be the major barrier to
fulfilling C&I customer demands for low cost renewable energy. We expect
C&I voices, along with others, will help spur action for additional
transmission to deliver renewables and accelerate the energy transition.
Renewable energy means business, and corporate and
industrial purchasing of renewable energy is just smart business.